Amfleet

(Thanks to Jan Kärrbäck for the AEM-7 e-loc in the above scene)


When Amtrak took over U.S. long distance and intercity passenger transportation in 1971, they were faced with an aging roster of dissimilar equipment from dozens of different railroads. The greatest shortage, after motive power, was in coaches for medium distance intercity runs. Also on Amtrak's mind was conversion from steam heat to electric Head End Power. With these needs in mind, in 1975 they began takng delivery of 492 "Amfleet I" cars.

This rolling stock design was developed quickly, adapted from the "Metroliner" EMU of 1967. The cars came in two types, coaches originally refered to as "Amcoaches", and food service cars, called "Amcafes" and "Amdinettes". In later years, the special names were dropped, and the cars were simply referred to as Coach, Cafe, and Dinette. Their tin-can-like rounded stainless steel sides soon earned the Amfleet the nickname "Amcans".

The Amfleet I cars are the only Amtrak equipment to wear all five of Amtrak's general service paint schemes.


Amfleet I

Amcoach1p1rAmcoach1p1l
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Amcafe1p1rAmcafe1p1l
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Type Amfleet 1 coach (top) and food service car (bottom), in Phase 1 paint (left and right sides)
Notes The Phase 1 scheme included wide bands of blue and red, bordered by white stripes, and Amtrak's original "pointless arrow" logo at one end.
Amcoach1p2rAmcoach1p2l
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Amcafe1p2rAmcafe1p2l
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Type Amfleet 1 coach (top) and food service car (bottom), in Phase 2 paint (left and right sides)
Notes Phase 2 eliminated the logo from the sides of rolling stock, It's believed that this change came when Amtrak managment learned that the logo had gotten the nickname "pointless arrow".

Unlike this minor change for passenger cars, on locomotives the Phase 2 scheme differed greatly from Phase 1. Only with the recently introduced Phase 5 scheme did the paint for cars and locomotive again diverge.
   
Amcoach1p3rAmcoach1p3l
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Amcafe1p3rAmcafe1p3l
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Type Amfleet 1 coach (top) and food service car (bottom), in Phase 3 paint (left and right sides)
Notes In the Phase 3 scheme, three equal width stripes of red, white, and blue cover the window band of the car. The roadname, car type and number are now in black, on a white background, making them easier to read at a distance. In my opinion, this is the best looking of all Amtrak's liveries.
Amcoach1p4rAmcoach1p4l
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Amcafe1p4rAmcafe1p4l
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Type Amfleet 1 coach (top) and food service car (bottom), in Phase 4 paint (left and right sides)
Notes The phase 4 scheme was intruduced in the early '90s, and consisted of a blue window band accented by thin red and white stripes at the top. This looks fairly good on passenger cars like these, but positively ghastly on locomotives.
Amcoach1p5rAmcoach1p5l
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Ambus1p5rAmbus1p5l
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Amcafe1p5rAmcafe1p5l
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Type Amfleet 1 coach (top), business class coach (middle), and food service car (bottom), in Phase 5 paint (left and right sides)
Notes The phase 5 scheme was introduced in conjunction with the "Acela" marketing campaign. The random patches of color gained it the name the "splotch" scheme. Amfleet cars were rebuilt and re-numbered into the 80000 series when they were re-painted into these colors. The program ran out of funding before the intended number of cars were completed, so "Acela Regional" trains usually run with a mixture of Phase 3, 4, and 5 Amfleet cars.


Amfleet II

Amtrak bought the Amfleet 2 cars in the late '70s, for use on long distance trains. Each coach is equipped with 59 leg-rest seats, as opposed to 84 seats in the Amfleet 1 coaches. These cars also have only one vestibule, the extra space is used for enlarged restrooms. They were normally used in long distance trains east of Chicago, like the Lakeshore Limited and Silver Star.

Unlike the Amfleet 1s, the 2s have never been re-numbered since built. The coaches are numbered 25000 to 25124. The Dinettes are 28000 to 28024.

Amcoach2p3rAmcoach2p3l
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Amcafe2p3rAmcafe2p3l
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Type Amfleet 2 coach (top), and food service car (bottom), in Phase 3 paint (left and right sides)
Notes This is the same '80s era scheme worn by the Amfleet 1 cars, altered to allow for differences in car design.
   
Amcoach2p4rAmcoach2p4l
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Amcafe2p4rAmcafe2p4l
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Type Amfleet 2 coach (top), and food service car (bottom), in Phase 4 paint (left and right sides)
Notes Once again, nearly identical to the Amfleet 1 Phace 4 scheme.
   

Other Cars

1300 class
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Type "shorty" baggage car
Numbers 1300 - 1379
Notes In 1953, the St. Louis Car Company delivered 83 troop kitchen cars to the US government. Each car was 54 1/2 feet long, over the pulling faces. They were only intended for use in a national emergency, should large scale troop movements be necessary. The only time any may have been called to service is during the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1961. By 1973, it was obvious that any future troop movements would go by air, and the 20 year old kitchen cars were "given" to Amtrak.

Many of these cars were modernized to accept HEP, and the most common assignment for them was in solid consists of Amfleet cars, pulled by E-60 electrics, on the NEC.
   

Complete Trains

Included with the Amfleet I zip file, downloadable at the bottom of this page, are four complete trains, ready to add to your screensaver. Below is a sample ov the line you need to add to usr_bmp.ini, in order to add theses trains to your screensaver. The F-40PH diesels can be found on my Locomotives page)

AmtkAmfleetTrain5L
{LocoStart}FILE=[FILE-LOCATION]\AmtkAmfleetTrain5L.dib;LABEL=Amtrak F-40PH + Amfleet;GT=V;EPOCHE=4;ULAND=USA;OL=N;RICHTUNG=L;VMIN=6;EXEMPLARE=1;ZG=63;SELECTED=1;{LocoEnd}


AmtkAmfleetTrain5R
{LocoStart}FILE=[FILE-LOCATION]\AmtkAmfleetTrain5R.dib;LABEL=Amtrak F-40PH + Amfleet;GT=V;EPOCHE=4;ULAND=USA;OL=N;RICHTUNG=R;VMIN=6;EXEMPLARE=1;ZG=63;SELECTED=1;{LocoEnd}


AmtkAmfleetTrain7L
{LocoStart}FILE=[FILE-LOCATION]\AmtkAmfleetTrain7L.dib;LABEL=Amtrak F-40PH + Amfleet;GT=V;EPOCHE=4;ULAND=USA;OL=N;RICHTUNG=L;VMIN=6;EXEMPLARE=1;ZG=63;SELECTED=1;{LocoEnd}


AmtkAmfleetTrain8R
{LocoStart}FILE=[FILE-LOCATION]\AmtkAmfleetTrain8R.dib;LABEL=Amtrak F-40PH + Amfleet;GT=V;EPOCHE=4;ULAND=USA;OL=N;RICHTUNG=R;VMIN=6;EXEMPLARE=1;ZG=63;SELECTED=1;{LocoEnd}




Downloads

Download my Amfleet cars (with complete trians)